- Controls Ich And Other External Protozoan, Dinoflagellate And Fungal Diseases Of Fish
- For Fresh and Saltwater Home And Non-Food Fish Aquariums and Ponds
- Will Not Harm Biological Filters When Used As Directed
- The Foremost Ich White Spot Chemical Treatment For Aquarium and Pond Fish
- 1oz (29.5 mL) bottle - treats 60 gallons
Kordon`s Rid·Ich+ is a combination of two powerful medications which have proven effective in the control of many diseases of freshwater fishes caused by external protozoan (single cell) parasites such as white spot disease, Ichthyophthiriasis, Costia, Trichodina, Chilodonella
and saltwater external parasites such as Cryptocaryon
. The medication can also treat fungal infections in fishes.
Rid·Ich+ is recommended as the best chemical treatment for Ich, (white spot disease), having been originally developed decades ago for professional aquaculture, public aquariums, and government use in treating fishes. Other than refinement in ingredients, it has continued to remain as the foremost scientifically developed chemical treatment for Ich white spot disease. Efficacy is improved and the treatment time is often reduced when compared to treatment with either the chemicals malachite or formalin alone. Additionally, the Rid·Ich+ formula utilizes the less common but also less toxic chloride salt of malachite green (this is the same salt used in Kordon`s Malachite Green).
The recommended treatment concentration of Rid·Ich+ should be approached with caution, carefully observing the reactions of the treated fishes and ceasing treatment if any undue stress is noted. Remember, when the first outward signs of Ich (scattered spots) are noticed, the fish is often quite heavily parasitic in the mouth and gills - lowering the fish`s ability to withstand additional stress. The weaker the fishes` condition, the poorer its response will be to any medication. Rid·Ich+ has been shown to be reasonably safe for use on fishes which normally cannot tolerate malachite green alone.
Fishes such as the so-called "scale-less" species (loaches, catfish, etc.) tolerate Rid·Ich+ very well, but be sure to follow cautions noted earlier. Some Mormyrids (elephant noses) may be particularly sensitive and should not be treated with any medication containing malachite green, including Rid·Ich+.
Rid·Ich+ will not interfere with biological filtration. The lowering of dissolved oxygen levels in treated water is often associated with the use of formalin or formalin-containing medications. The use of Rid·Ich+ allows a lower concentration of formalin to be utilized. This decreases the chances of lowering the dissolved oxygen. However (as noted above), treated fishes should be carefully observed for any signs of respiratory distress. It should be noted that while increased temperatures will often shorten the life cycle of some disease-causing organisms, it will also cause a decrease in the dissolved oxygen levels of the water. Do not increase the temperature in tanks or ponds used for treatment, unless sufficient oxygen is assured.General Diagnosis of Parasitic Diseases of Fishes:
The following brief summary of clinical signs often associated with the parasitic protozoans discussed above is intended only as an aid for the beginning aquarist. It is not to be thought of as a definitive diagnostic key. It is also important that the aquarist consult appropriate, accurate references for more specific information regarding disease problems of fishes. In addition, if possible, skin and/or gill smears should be made and examined by a qualified fish diagnostician. Microscopic examination is recommended and is always essential for confirmation of a particular disease. In the clinical signs indicated below, a particular description may be followed (in brackets) by a specific disease-causing organism. It should be understood that different clinical signs can be seen during the disease process and that these can occur as the result of more than one disease-causing organism.Clinical Signs:
Increased respiration; excessive skin mucus; loss of normal body color, scratching on the tank bottom or on objects; lethargic behavior; presence of discrete white spots (0.5-1.0 mm in diameter), randomly distributed on the body [Ich].Specifications:
Contains formaldehyde (11.52% formalin) U.S. P. grade 4.26% and premium quality aquaculture-grade zinc-free chloride salt of malachite green 0.038%. The ingredients meet United States Pharmacopoeia science-based quality standards for health care. The U.S. P. is the official public standards-setting authority for all prescriptions and over-the-counter medicines and other healthcare products. Made in the U.S.A.Standard Dosage:
Use 2 drops per gallon, or 1 teaspoon (approximately 5 ml) per 10 gallons of water, or 4 ounces for 240 gallons of water. This standard dosage produces a concentration of 15 ppm (= 15 mgL) formalin and 0.05 ppm of malachite green.Mode of Action:
Zinc-free Malachite green binds strongly with the internal cytoplasmic structure of disease causing organisms interfering in normal metabolism. U.S. P. Formalin is a powerful reducing agent which acts by denaturing cell proteins.
Rid·Ich+ is stable indefinitely in solution. It must be stored above 50° F (10° C) to prevent product precipitation. Do not freeze. Do not use Rid·Ich+, or any product containing formaldehyde that has been frozen. Keep tightly closed when not in use to prevent loss of formaldehyde.Compatibilities:
Kordon`s Rid·Ich+ should not be used with any other medication. When used as directed, the product is safe for use in aerated aquaria and ponds or in recirculation systems utilizing biological filtration. After each water change the use of Kordon`s NovAqua+® and AmQuel+® are recommended.Contraindications:
This medication is not intended for use in the control of bacterial infections, flukes (monogenetic trematodes), copepods, or other multicellular organisms, such as worms and crustaceans.. Rid·Ich+ is primarily for the control and treatment of diseases of freshwater and marine fishes caused by external single-celled protozoan, dinoflagellate, and sporozoan parasites.Toxicity:
The Rid·Ich+ combination in this formulation is relatively non-toxic for fishes, but may not be tolerated by certain invertebrates, when used as directed. It may be used for the treatment of "scaleless" fishes. As with any medication, caution should be exercised whenever utilizing a chemical for the first time on a species of fish for which its tolerance is unknown. Always terminate treatments early (with partial water changes or filtration with granular activated carbon) if signs of undue stress occur.
Do not treat fishes that cannot be directly observed during treatment. Be aware that some mormyrids (i.e. elephant noses) and freshwater stingrays may be adversely affected by Rid·Ich+. Rid·Ich+ is not recommended for use in aquariums containing invertebrates and may cause severe stress or death to some of these animals. If Rid·Ich+ must be used in aquariums containing invertebrates, tests should be performed to determine a particular animal`s tolerance to this medication.Suggested Treatment Procedures:
The following procedures are suggested for both freshwater and saltwater systems. It is important to note that activated carbon will remove the malachite green component of the formulation. Formalin can also be removed somewhat. However, the amount is insignificant.Treatment of Freshwater and Saltwater External Single-Celled Parasites:
The following procedures are applicable when treating the diseased fishes in their original aquarium or pond:
(a) Remove any invertebrates you wish to save.
(b) Remove carbon and clean filter. Replace with clean mechanical filte